When we talk about sodium chloride, we are referring to a type of sodium salt. It is an essential material in the chemical industry for the production of soda and chlorine. It is also essential in the dialysis process.

In this article, we will discuss the role of sodium chloride in view of its importance. As chemical suppliers, we are experts in the field. Don’t forget to browse our catalogue to find all the fine chemicals you’ve been looking for, we are looking forward to seeing you at DC Fine Chemicals!

Fundamental to life and the organism

Sodium chloride (CAS 7647-14-5) plays a major role in the production of chlorine and soda. It is essential in this respect and is one of the most established components in our daily lives. Thus, products such as shower gels or table salt are made from sodium chloride.

This element is key in the Solvay process, which is based on the reaction of ammonium hydrogen carbonate with saturated solutions of common salt. It separates solid sodium hydrogen carbonate, which is insoluble in the ammonium chloride solution. Sodium chloride is a source of such essential inorganic reagents such as sodium carbonate, calcium chloride or ammonium chloride.

Together with potassium chloride, it is one of the main electrolytes in the body and is responsible for regulating the amount of water in the body, as well as being actively involved in muscle contractions and nerve impulses. Sodium chloride is used in the treatment and prevention of sodium loss, caused by excessive sweating or dehydration, and also helps to maintain the electrolyte balance in the human body.

Therefore, its an essential condition in the human organism for the development of life in its present form can be easily deduced. In addition to the above, it also plays an important role in the immune system, making possible the maintenance of extracellular fluid, among other functions. In the health field, it is present in intravenous solutions, which are intended to prevent dehydration.

Our ancestors were already aware of this, as sodium chloride, or basically salt, was used for hundreds and hundreds of years to preserve many foods. In fact, it was considered such an important commodity that it was even used as a currency for trade.

Sodium chloride is the most abundant type of salt in the extracellular fluid and, while it is essential for many processes such as those mentioned above, an excess of this element can be highly damaging. This is especially true for individuals whose kidneys are not fully healthy.

In this situation, the kidneys are unable to eliminate excess sodium and fluids from the body. If there is a build-up of sodium and fluids in the body’s tissues, the blood pressure is increased and this causes abnormal behaviour.

Normally, the kidneys are responsible for filtering blood and removing excess fluid and waste products. These are then converted into urine in order to eliminate them from the body. If this procedure cannot be carried out by the body itself, a machine is usually required. This is known as dialysis. Its main task is to filter out fluids and substances that are no longer useful to the body and to expel them before they build up.

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